TOEIC: Prepositions

shutterstock_57904150Prepositions indicate relationships between words or ideas. Most prepositions deal with location and are easy to learn, but some can be difficult to recognise and use since they can be interchangeable. Some examples are included below:

above

inside

beside

near

below

outside

beyond

nearby

between

over

around

behind

Rules

Take a note of the following rules regarding propositions:

  • Generally, in, on and at indicate location.
  • To and from imply movement toward or away from something. However, to can also function as part of an infinitive.
  • To and for can introduce indirect objects.
  • For and since can also indicate duration.

Verbs with prepositions

Some prepositions can be used together with verbs, such as:

  • accuse (someone) of (doing something)
  • agree on (topic)
  • argue with (someone) about (topic)
  • introduce (someone) to (someone else)
  • participate in (something)
  • take advantage of (someone/something/ situation)
  • travel to (somewhere)

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